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Your position: Home > Styles by Artists > Romanticism-(1790-1880) > Théodore Géricault

Portrait Study of a Youth, ca. 1818–1820

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Item Code: TOPJean-Louis André Théodore Géricault-12
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  • Description

Artist Introduce:
Théodore Géricault ( September 26, 1791 - January 26, 1824) was a pioneer of the French romantic painting, to the development of romanticism painting and realistic painting has important effect.
Théodore Géricault countries by France's date of birth, died on September 26, 1791 date painter on January 26, 1824
Théodore Géricault is good at depicting the sports theme, early by the guidance of classical painting painters GaiLan, large a giant painting of the baroque style, create a
Group of military theme paintings by Rubens and the influence of the gro, composition has a strong movement. Early representative as a hussar, depicts the rider and horse moving. 's 1816 visit to Italy in Florence and Rome, very appreciate Michelangelo's style. In 1818 he created the famous "raft of murdo Mr", depicts the murdo shaman of the wreck, remnants of the people on the raft drifting for many days, met distant ships for help. This painting for its triangular composition and rich color, expressed a strong shock, as British romanticism painting works.
Théodore Géricault is one of the first batch of French romantic artist, and painting show the romantic style of life energy. Due to the independence and wealthy economy, so that he can follow one's inclinationsly in both painting and horse betting a lot of heart.
Théodore Géricault much affected by lattice luo (gross), especially in painting horses and choose the social subjects both his innovation in techniques is also very remarkable. He no longer do many fine draft or local research, and by the model in accordance with a sketch of pose, and then directly on the canvas painting.
Creative inspiration
One hundred days during the war, he was unhappy in Louis xviii forces napoleon, and join the infantry, escort the king fled to the Belgian border. Then the move to regret, and with the restoration of opponents. This stance reflected in many of his works, such as the Greek war of independence, the slavery, inquisition, etc on the subject.
In 1816, he traveled to Italy for a year, and of Michelangelo's painting infatuate deeply, he had eagerly research Michelangelo's paintings. 1820? 1822 he lives in the UK, in this period he has made a lot of horse and lithographs sight on the streets of the poor of London.
Historic editor
In his later years he describes the five mental paranoid person's portrait, explore under the abnormal state of human spirit, the subject of the painting is very rare in the painting, the late appearance of realistic painting has a great influence. His work number not much, but he is a profound effect on romantic, young delacroix in respect to him. He returned to France in 1822, and died two years later.
Major works editor
The royal guard cavalry officer
The basic information
In 1812,
Paint, canvas, 349 x 266 cm
The Louvre, Paris/Paris, France
Description:
This painting is Théodore Géricault at great Renaissance and baroque period, and masters of the works on display at the Louvre, study after study, many times by drawing of one of the early works. [of the cavalry officer] in one picture, officer knife in hand, with the former mentioned to erect the horse hooves, together for the charge, the officer has been wounded, hypodynamia [although uniform is still in good condition, elegant], but it remains to be holding a weapon to rush forward. His body erect, riding in a leopard skin decoration on the saddle of a pair of appearance, but his eyes looked into the distance, condensation, reveal tired, disappointed, still seem to be looking forward to the arrival of the rescue team. In front of the war clouds to cavalry officer were forced to.
Is the subject of the cavalry officer of the royal guard, Théodore Géricault words derive from the history of material [while the traditional view, his this picture was inspired by a unruly horse. It is said that in st. cloud during the festival, a Paris craftsman has rented the horses a convertible carriage.] The scene atmosphere full of war animosity, the sky burning wat cloud; Everywhere is the battle of austerlitz soot; The steeds of officers in boomed artillery fire, was so excited. This is almost a hit against the Prussian army, napoleon the symbol of victory and congratulations.
This painting is David [napoleon across the burr with col] the continuation of a painting, for the painting, Théodore Géricault words drew more than twenty sketch, in these sketches, Théodore Géricault at great repeated research and transform the attitude of the horse. He even took a real horse into the studio, do not know whether such as clay, meng said he was to capture a horse jumping movement, or just want to "bring the horse image" impression has been etched deeply in mind.
Murdo of raft
The basic information
In 1819,
Paint, canvas, 491 x 716 cm
The Louvre, Paris/Paris, France
Description:
Théodore Géricault great this murdo Mr Craft painting, depicts the shocked France in 1816, is a tragic events: the French murdo sa ship wrecked at sea.
Sinking due to an inability of the captain, he is a reinstatement noble for restoration of the event. The tragedy was terrible wreck Use wooden raft to escape the survivors of the 150 people, and Théodore Géricault at great performance, was the last moment of the tragedy, as the raft drifting on the sea for 12 days, that is, in the al gus ship found it, only 15 survivors left the rest of his life. In order to draw the picture, Théodore Géricault at great reference works of the past and contemporary masters, especially m open only works, and caravaggio works in brightness of the light, and the rhythm of Rubens pictures.
In 1819, the painting to "crash" as the title, participated in the salon, but a strong attack. These attacks are not only for political factors [government authorities to conceal the scandal, so for this painting felt extremely nervous], but also from the aesthetic point of view the cause of the dispute. Because the work is far from the popular neoclassical rules, its techniques and contemporary the undisputed master of another, for example, Théodore Géricault great use of the strong contrast, and the fierce flashes of light, and David [Jacques - Louis David] that bright and vivid color instead. Images are almost monochrome, deep brown color, all is done by asphalt. Images on the surface appears to be based on a complex structure, but in fact is the outline of the rise of a precise structure ─ ─ eventually ended in right survivors held high, desperately shaking satin fabric. A high degree of tension, a light to move forward toward the horizon, expect salvation anxiety, make it has special hints.
This work effectively pass the Théodore Géricault at great desire to change to a new era of their own, but the but again by the classical, and romantic doctrine, the influence of the conflict with the state of mind. [3]
Jealous of paranoia female psychopath
The basic information
Jealous of paranoia female psychopath
In 1822 ~ 1823
Paint, canvas, 72 x 58 centimeters
[Lyons] art museum, Lyon, France
Note: female patients with psychosis of jealousy paranoia
Théodore Géricault at great painted a group of ten portrait of psychiatric patients series and sent to the dean of Paris sal pai Mr Hospital, is a psychiatrist e. j. George. Prompted the painter draw a series of portraits for unknown reasons, some people think that may be for George doctor's works "on the madman" [1820] a book illustrations; May also be for George doctor the pathological course of medical illustration; Or, more possibility is that in order to repay for his doctor treat neurasthenia the gift of painting. Théodore Géricault at great creation in The Raft of murdo Mr/The Raft of The Medusa, had been suffering from neurasthenia symptoms. In a word, the picture shows, it is the spirit of the model, Théodore Géricault, showed deep sympathy for their suffering, how to treat mental illness, and intensely interested in this kind of medical research, is because of these factors, prompted Théodore Géricault to create these portraits of the psychiatric patients.
Théodore Géricault at great is a very sensitive artist, so his this interest will not be at all surprising. He once through painting, displayed a murdo raft maritime accident of despair, also displayed a religious ruling prisoners suffering, and the tragedy of the black slaves, as a result, people have gradually habit under his brush, the real appearance of characters.
Théodore Géricault at great show in front of our eyes portrait, whether men or women, on its face, manners and expression, especially mouth wrinkle, and elusive eyes, show the patient's madness and misfortune.
To these unfortunate people, give Théodore Géricault at great humanitarian support, he seems to be in this critique some cruel story [these claims that those unlucky people are money, utilitarian, victims of war, stealing, jealousy, exploits as a result, Théodore Géricault at great from the pictures of the painting, the old woman from fear, vague, side slightly raised blinded eyes, showing her eyes is requesting sympathy and understanding.
Domesticated cattle
The basic information
In 1817,
Paint, canvas, 56.5 x 48 cm
Harvard University, art museum, Massachusetts , the United States
Description:
This is Théodore Géricault in visited Rome, returned to Paris, the rendering of one of the early works. Works great other than Théodore Géricault, this picture can response more fields to open only painting techniques as research, but also showed his according to classical art techniques, study reality into myths.
In the picture, we can find that Théodore Géricault the "reality" into a "myth" of a particular method, he is the purpose of the Napoleonic era of late, that the deepness of a clouded the French atmosphere, according to the Roman civilians in each game, festival celebration and the burst strength. So, what was supposed to be selling cattle market, has become the location of the secular ceremony held; Bull market, has lost the meaning of any real need, and become a worship of the god mitra mitra is the god of the secular. In order to sacrifice to the gods, people are killing cows.
The rest of the picture from the bottom, as a background: on the left is the shadow of a high wall, middle is another long white wall, the flank have a small building, the building of a hill, but after and be full of the clouds of the sky.
Foreground, in a group of animals, gray and red ochre color tonal go up, and on the left wall of the dark shadow, highlights the characters clothes the bright-coloured color of green and red; Moreover, due to the background that a long long, bright white walls, and stretch far into the distance of the hills and green and blue of the sky, make whole picture have qualitative feeling more, and more harmonious.

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