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Your position: Home > Styles by Artists > Barbizon school-(c. 1830-1870) > Théodore Rousseau

Barbizon landscape, ca. 1850

Please select the size from OPTIONS menu to pay. 16x20 inches=$ 169 , 20x24 inches=$ 219 , 24x36 inches=$279 , 30x40 inches=$ 339 , 36x48 inches=$ 399 , 48x72 inches=$ 629, Note: 1 inches=2.54 cm
Item Code: TOPThéodore Rousseau-1
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Artist Introduce:
Étienne Pierre Théodore Rousseau (Etienne Pierre Theodore Rousseau, 1812-1867) French barbizon leader, was born on April 15, 1812 in Paris, December 22, 1867, died in barbizon. Rousseau was born in Paris to a middle class family, his father is a tailor, my mother had been a series of several artists. Rousseau, a wave as he DE saint horse when uncle began to study painting, in after Joseph Raymond formal painting studio, and models to draw in the studio in le el, he had to in the Louvre A copy of lorraine historical landscapes. The orthodox education also had a fiction in Rousseau's mind the idea of landscape. But Rousseau raised in suburban Paris sketches, especially in 1831 and 1832 he twice to Normandy travel gave him great influence, and made him from the start to do a "native". So he immediately dismissed the idea, to go in nature. Rousseau's landscape painting originally influenced by 17th century Dutch landscape, later had to Claude lorraine (Claude Lorrain, 1600-1682). But since he salon in 1832 saw the British painter, John Constable too borzekowski (1776-1837), John Constable, landscape painting, inspired by a large, hence change the previous classical exquisite brushwork and color is closer to reality. Rousseau although early Roman big prize, also want to join the official road, and also on the salon of 1834 won a third prize, but he works on the actuality of betrayal and processing technique of academic makes he repeatedly rejected by the salon of the judges, so he called the "trash" proud (very unpopular people). That made him determined to far away from the rigidity of the art world of Paris, in 1844, Rousseau in barbizon, devoted himself to writing in nature, and eventually formed its own style. Rousseau's landscape painting with strong colors, bold strokes, and is famous for its unique theme, evaluation or fall, is to improve the status of French landscape painters. His work was rejected in the mainstream school for 10 years, finally get the public recognition, in 1848 formally have gone on public display, in 1855 won a gold medal in the salon, and confer honorary legion was cross. Today in the Louvre, orsay museum, the metropolitan museum, Washington national gallery, London's Victoria and Albert museum, London's national gallery, Wallace, and many other world knowledge of museum collections have Rousseau's works, his works also collect in many famous private collections.
Rousseau's paintings are strange. Because of his position of hardship, the spiritual dominates trouble and anguish. His father was a craftsman in Paris, went bankrupt because of poor management, make Rousseau have tasted the poverty of AIDS. His young wife, insane, have to divorce him. His art to be misunderstood by others, more than 20 years, the critics only cynicism of the public opinion to him. Until the 1848 revolution, his works were rejected by the review committee salon every year. He adhered to have the temperament of the poet. He will not be shown when the morning twilight of the deep and remote the dream, but centuries of hair nature is angry. More than that of the Renaissance period too early this ambition at once, he in order to pursue physical and spiritual life impression, once in the extreme distress. Rousseau's desire of exposition, however, is not the human life, but the nature of life. His feelings, his imagination, so that he can easily grasp the micro base of biological spirit. He heard the voice of the trees. Their actions, their different forms, taught him to understand Yong language in the forest. The attitude of the flower, he guessed the meaning of the culvert and enthusiasm. When a man reached this step, a poet or a painter, his eyes are clairvoyant, they can shape within the perspective to the heart. Nature is a supernatural world, but in everything he is familiar with. With suspicion and alert, my heart is lonely alone and lonely, his day, completely spent in the wild, in the face of nature. Once he had met with a friend, work in the fields when he said: "at the time how happy! I would never live in a quiet." Yes, he and the world is, the less contact is and the more contact with nature; He didn't want to associate with the crowd, they go to and the nature of language. Nature is not only in the sense that there is a landscape, not only the clouds of the sky, but all the raw material and no biological in nature. To grasp unpredictable and, to do is, this is the painter Rousseau's ambitions. This ambition often makes him to despair. How much work was destroyed in the construction, such as leonardo Da Vinci - a sample, he constantly invented a special method of manufacture of special color and oil, so that he had a lot of work, and after a not pure chemistry and become murkiness, are not. Such as Ms. Dupray (Jules Dupre, 1811-1889), Rousseau not carved the truth of the nature, but after the natural appearance of his heart had ever witness. By his own personality, character, vision instead of reality. He blessed the universe of potential vitality. His painting is lyric poem, is a state of mind. He said that he hit a fantasy to self-deception, by his own invention as spiritual sustenance.
Rousseau once said, "to show the natural and emphasize its grandeur, need to consider it in the form of a first. Trees should firmly seize the land and its branches should be done or forward to the depths of the picture, let the audience have a desire to walk around it..." And "if you want to feel the air in the picture, then, should be remade tree seriously." These ideas in the doppler Mongolian oak o a picture in the full performance. Air here is very important factor, but also from the air the characteristics of light, which gives light to the top of the meaning of: "a great all over the word light... embodied in the art of the light, this is a common life." But not as often as ke luo Rousseau melting the object light, but keep the objects with heavy reality, he surrounded objects, with light and air to make it more strength. Under the birch is Rousseau's personality a painting the mature stage. The whole picture Is shows the darkness before the storm, a dozen tree tall and character of birch in middle, pedestrians are resting under a tree, and a bright light suddenly XieCiLi shoot, both highlighted the tree volume and space, and like a dancing machine has a strong sense of drama, almost flat with the sky all these are dramatically. In order to capture the changes in the light effect, Rousseau final under different light and weather drew 12 art panoramic painting. But we can't say that Rousseau monet impression, because Rousseau care is still a classic theme of lorraine began, i.e., the change of light on the object, the impressionist concern is the possibility of the light itself, this also is a consistent feature of the barbizon artists. From now on also can be seen, however, Rousseau and what barbizon artists explore and attention, which has established close ties and later impressionism, which they reached the edge of the modern art.

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