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Jacques-Louis David-French painter in the Neoclassical style

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Jacques-Louis David,he is a famous French painter, founder of the classical painting, painting style is rigorous, seiko. In the bourgeois revolution pro-democracy jacobin dictatorship, a former public education committee and a member of the committee for the fine arts. Early works depicting the historical heroes, such as her brother's oath, the execution of his own son, art, etc. Completed in 1793's "the death of mara. 1794 jacobin regime was counter-revolutionary subversion, after five years of chaos, napoleon to power after David did napoleon I court painter. This period produced to napoleon's coronation type ", "the flag type", "napoleon over st. Bernard mountain", "napoleon", in the office work
David was born in a middle-class ironmonger family in Paris,
Ray lady like camel
Nine years old when his father was killed, the mother ran away from home, by a royal bricklayers stroke big uncle raised. At the age of 16 and was admitted to the royal painting sculpture school learning, because didn't take place in the match for three consecutive years, almost want to commit suicide, it was not until 1774 was awarded a prize of Rome, 1775 went to Italy to study art, influenced by the ancient Rome and the Italian Renaissance art, to take an interest in classical, returning to China in 1780, 1784, become a member of the royal MeiShuYuan, in those days went to Rome, created a pledge of her brothers, made him famous, the work of the classic heroism theme, solemn colors and rigorous composition makes it become a classical painting masterpiece.
work
In 1789 created the execution of his son's blues, "was the French revolution happened in a huge response from the public. In 1792 he was elected the representative of the national council, become the public education committee and a member of the committee for the art, for his French revolution period of construction and the protection and construction of the Louvre museum has made no small contribution to become one of the founders of the French museums career.
The death of mara
In 1793 he created "the death of mara, describes marla's assassination scene in the bathroom, he was appointed as a member of the committee for the public security, follow robles bill, so after thermidor coup in 1794, as one of the jacobins was arrested. While in prison, he see the scenery outside the window through the window of the cell, produced the Luxembourg garden view. Due to his students on the rescue, released by the end of the year.
After his release he mainly engaged in teaching and the creation of the portrait, teach out many European famous painter later, such as Angle, in the hot, gro, etc.
Napoleon came to power in 1797, revive him, he became chief court painter, napoleon I created many large sing works for napoleon: "coronation", "the flag type", etc.
In 1815 after the battle of Waterloo, bourbon restoration, cling to his students, he fled to Brussels to create portraits and landscapes in Brussels for a living, he was in Brussels to create interest and return to the subject matter of ancient Greek and Roman, died in 1825 in Brussels, buried in Brussels ivor cemetery, his heart to Paris alone, buried in priest lachaise cemetery.
Character story editor
Jacques-Louis David was born in Paris a hardware merchant family, his father died at the age of 10, the royal bricklayers uncle, have a passion for painting of Jacques-Louis David with friends and family help be sent to the boucher painting, boucher found of Jacques-Louis David's temperament and their own demonstrates style, will he go to the royal MeiShuYuan professor Wayne door.
1 pet. El taken his wife and son in 1795
Wade is not a genius, his personality quiet, like to think, don't fit in, lack of art, make a person feel very young age, he with amazing perseverance and diligence spirit, earnestly studied poussin, boucher, zeigler and caravaggio.
Jacques-Louis David, 23, is the first time in Rome for examination, examination questions is the goddess of wisdom, Athena and what war, fighting, art style is basically a simulation demonstrates the style, but the characters intense emotion, heavy pace, so the picture is not very coordinated and losing, until the age of 27 after failing to wade through three times won the award for Rome to Rome. During his study in Rome moved by ancient Greek and Roman art, the research and the study interest, he decided to temporarily don't make the artistic creation, is working on Greek and Roman sculpture, carefully draw sketch of the four years, at the age of 32 once with a drawing draft rites of Mr G luce off back to Paris salon exhibition. In accepting the influence of ancient art and at the same time, Jacques-Louis David on the ideological and political also gradually by the Roman republic, political enthusiasm breeds against the feudal autocratic rule. Then he tried to borrow the ancient Greek and Roman art style, express their political opinions and thoughts and feelings.
Jacques-Louis David's original creation is from ancient Greek and Roman legends and art seek source and ideal of beauty, the character and artistic style of ancient hero as the highest standard for beauty. He once said, the ancient is contemporary painters of the school, it is contemporary artists inexhaustible source of art creation. Later, due to come into contact with some and anti-feudal revolutionary party, such as the jacobin party leader robespierre, in his political thought
Sabine women
Want to have some change, and the artistic conception created works of some of the rich spirit of the age. Since then of Jacques-Louis David stood bravely in the height of The Times, serving and anti-feudal struggle with their own art, gradually into the realistic trend. He said: "art must help all people's happiness and enlightenment, art must report to the general public to reveal civic virtue and courage". Since then, for wade to art as combat weapon of feudalism, as soldiers landed on the painting and politics. His representative works in this period is "Horace brothers oath".
If the rococo is Louis at a quarter to adapt to the guillotine was declining aristocracy class empty the need of mind, that of Jacques-Louis David's art is directly in the service of the bourgeois revolution. To wade in the new era under the background of continuously explore the artistic creation, break through the classical conventionality, than realism under the enlightenment thoughts further depicts the revolutionary struggle of the era of reality, by his historical themes to reveal how to establish and consolidate the new social system and the new revolutionary ideas of social fashion. When revolution storm comes to wade is not only a painter, he also as a social activist, revolutionaries active part in revolutionary struggle. He was elected to the national assembly of members, become a revolutionary leader robespierre comrades, and to the identity of the national education committee in a lot of revolutionary art
Ann's osh and stark nice winter
Activities. He openly advocate art must serve politics, he said: "art is not an end, but the method, in order to help it a political victory and exist of the concept of".
In the revolution, Jacques-Louis David on the advice of the national assembly revolution created some distinct characteristics of the portrait, one of the most prominent is the death of mara.
1794 is the most glorious of Jacques-Louis David's artistic career, his art is full of revolution era breath, has a distinct political thought tendency, and the classical form of art and real life, the combination of become a revolutionary artist. But as "thermidor party" coup, the jacobin party regime was overthrown, Jacques-Louis David was arrested and jailed, came to see state changes to his. Revolutionary ideals shattered, the whole society in the dark terror abyss, which made of Jacques-Louis David dispirited and discouraged, and helpless. From then on he gave up on creation of reality, and immersed in the ancient society is yearning, never painted rich revolutionary work of passion. He stopped all clubs in the dark days
David works
Will activity, the mood is very depressed, art life also face to dry up. Painter expect peace at this moment, under such a state of mind created the sabine women.
We from Jacques-Louis David's experience and art career, can clearly see an artist only involved in the change of The Times, to create impressive outstanding works, once out of the era and the people, art life will wither. For wade to the younger generation of artists left a valuable experiences and lessons. He said some inspiring words, up to now still to our artistic creation have education significance, he said: "the painting is not a skill, skill cannot constitute a painter." He added: "and palette is not necessarily the painter, and palette hand must obey the mind". All of these become a painter of proverbs.
When napoleon took power after the imperial, Jacques-Louis David and service for napoleon, became the empire's chief painter, during this period he created a lot of napoleon's heroism and image of the work. In 1816, napoleon was overthrown, bourbon restoration, will kill for Louis xvi to vote in favour of Jacques-Louis David's expulsion, he was forced to move in Brussels, Belgium, eventually die exotic.

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